When kidneys stop working effectively, you also have the option of dialysis or kidney transplantation. Dialysis ensures that you get rid of waste products from your body but do not replace all kidney function. When you are diagnosed with failing kidneys, treatment can sometimes prevent or at least delay their complete failure.
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However, with a transplant, your body can continue to release metabolic waste products and excess fluid. The kidneys also help in the production of a natural hormone called erythropoietin to prevent anemia.
Ratings for a kidney transplant
There are a few very important factors to be checked before you undergo kidney transplant surgery. To begin with, you will be referred to a transplant only when you are approaching or have already started dialysis.
No dependence on factors of age or ethnic background when it comes to assessment for transplantation. It all depends on whether you are fit enough to have surgery and deal with all the effects after surgery.
Some of the factors examined are evidence of heart disease, breast conditions, and other issues. Special investigations were done to assess whether risk factors are too great for a transplant.
Next, there will be a thorough discussion between specialists such as surgeons, nephrologists, cardiologist and physicians before decisions are finalized.
Once you are deemed fit enough for a transplant, the specialist will explain the risks and benefits for you.
Whether you receive a particular donor kidney or not is determined initially by the blood group. It is pretty difficult to get two people to be perfectly alike because the genes are different. It is, however, possible to achieve a good enough match for a successful transplant.